New Regulations for Taxation on Hydrocarbon Extraction
Summary:At the end of February, the Ministry of Finance announced a new bill on Special Taxation on Hydrocarbon. The bill is also designed
to amend the Act on Tax on Extraction of Certain Minerals, which has been in force since 2012, by extending its application to the
extraction of petroleum and natural gas. Currently, the bill is at the stage of inter-ministerial consultation and is expected to enter
into force on January 1, 2015.
Once the new act enters into force entities operating in the extraction industry will be required to pay significantly higher taxes andcontributions. According to the Ministry of Finance, the proposed amendments to the taxation system will mean an increase in thetotal amount of financial burdens from 21% to 40%.
In short, entities involved in hydrocarbon extraction, apart from exploitation fee according to the newly stated higher rates, will alsopay hydrocarbon tax and tax on extraction of petroleum and natural gas, as well as: corporate income tax, real property tax, fees forawarding concessions, remuneration for mining usufructs and exploitation fees for mineral extraction, which they are currently obliged to pay.
The bill introduces a new tax called hydrocarbon tax and entities conducting hydrocarbon extraction activities will be the taxpayersof this tax.
Revenue from hydrocarbon extraction will be taxed at 12.5% or 25%. Hydrocarbon taxpayers will be obliged to submit a monthly taxreturn (exclusively in electronic form), and pay tax advances each month.
Tax on extraction of petroleum and natural gas
The bill extends the application of the Act on Extraction of Certain Minerals to the extraction of petroleum and natural gas, which currently only applies to the extraction of copper and silver. The tax rates to be imposed on natural gas extraction will be 1.5% / 3%,and 3% / 6% for petroleum - depending on the properties of the extracted minerals.
The Ministry of the Environment has also presented draft amendments to the Act on Geological and Mining Law, which also envisageincreasing financial burdens for hydrocarbon extraction.
According to the draft amendments, the exploitation fee per 1,000 m3 of methane-rich natural gas will be PLN 24.00 (currently PLN6.06), PLN 20.00 for certain minerals (currently PLN 5.04), and PLN 50.00 per ton of petroleum (currently PLN 35.87).
It is important to note that concessions for hydrocarbon extraction will be awarded exclusively to those entities conducting business inthe form of a joint-stock company. Entities currently conducting extraction activity in other legal forms (e.g. a limited liability company) will have to change their legal form appropriately.
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